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Table 4 Echocardiographic parameters of study groups

From: Relationship of autonomic imbalance and circadian disruption with obesity and type 2 diabetes in resistant hypertensive patients

Characteristic/Variable Non-T2D group (n = 15) T2D group (n = 10) p-value
LVEF (%) 70.3 ± 7.3 [66.3 -74.4] 66.5 ± 21.7 [51.0 - 82.0] 0.28
LVMI (g/m2) 134.1 ± 30.9 [116.9 - 151.2] 148.4 ± 31.6 [125.8 - 171.0] 0.31
LVDD Present in 60% Present in 100% 0.05
  1. The values are expressed as means ± standard deviation; [95% confidence interval]; Non-T2D: non type 2 diabetes resistant hypertension; T2D: type 2 diabetes resistant hypertension; LVEF: left ventricle ejection fraction; LVMI: left ventricle mass index; LVDD: left ventricle diastolic dysfunction (assessed by the Omnen SR and Nishimura RA algorithm[27]).