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Table 1 Baseline characteristics (presented as means ± SD and percentages (%)) of the participants in the Malmö Preventive Project Re-examination Study.

From: The association between glucometabolic disturbances, traditional cardiovascular risk factors and self-rated health by age and gender: A cross-sectional analysis within the Malmö Preventive Project

  Middle-aged (57-69 years) Older (70-86 years)
Men (N = 11,546) NFG IFG New-onset DM Established DM NFG IFG New-onset DM Established DM
Number (%) 4977 (70) 1299 (18) 158 (2) 721 (10) 3002 (68) 777 (18) 85 (2) 527 (12)
Mean age (years) 64 ± 4 64 ± 4 63 ± 3 65 ± 3 75 ± 3 75 ± 3 74 ± 3 75 ± 3
SBP (mmHg) 143 ± 19 150 ± 19 157 ± 20 148 ± 19 145 ± 19 152 ± 20 151 ± 23 148 ± 20
DBP (mmHg) 84 ± 11 88 ± 10 90 ± 10 84 ± 10 83 ± 11 85 ± 10 86 ± 11 81 ± 11
Waist circumference (cm) 97 ± 10 102 ± 11 108 ± 12 105 ± 12 97 ± 10 102 ± 10 104 ± 9 103 ± 11
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.5 ± 1.0 5.6 ± 1.1 5.7 ± 1.1 4.8 ± 1.1 5.4 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 4.7 ± 1.0
LDL (mmol/L) 3.7 ± 0.9 3.7 ± 1.0 3.7 ± 1.0 3.0 ± 0.9 3.5 ± 0.9 3.4 ± 0.9 3.3 ± 0.9 2.9 ± 0.9
HDL (mmol/L) 1.3 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.2 ± 0.8 1.5 ± 1.1 2.1 ± 1.6 1.7 ± 1.3 1.1 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.8 1.7 ± 0.9 1.5 ± 0.9
Current smoker (%) 21.1% 21.1% 25.3% 17.3% 13.5% 13.3% 15.3% 10.4%
Physically inactive (%) 8.5% 10.9% 21.7% 16.9% 9.4% 11.9% 15.5% 18.8%
Using medication for CVD or HTN (%) 35% 44% 45% 75% 53% 62% 65% 84%
Women (N = 6680)         
Number (%) 2979 (84) 331 (9) 28 (1) 202 (6) 2517 (80) 333 (11) 45 (1) 245 (8)
Mean age (years) 66 ± 4 66 ± 3 67 ± 2 67 ± 3 73 ± 3 74 ± 3 74 ± 3 74 ± 3
SBP (mmHg) 140 ± 20 146 ± 20 147 ± 23 145 ± 21 146 ± 21 151 ± 22 157 ± 24 146 ± 20
DBP (mmHg) 82 ± 10 85 ± 11 86 ± 9 82 ± 10 82 ± 10 85 ± 11 87 ± 11 81 ± 10
Waist circumference (cm) 86 ± 11 93 ± 12 100 ± 13 97 ± 14 86 ± 11 93 ± 12 97 ± 11 96 ± 13
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 6.0 ± 1.0 6.0 ± 1.0 6.2 ± 1.4 5.3 ± 1.1 6.0 ± 1.1 5.9 ± 1.1 6.2 ± 1.2 5.1 ± 1.0
LDL (mmol/L) 3.9 ± 1.0 3.9 ± 0.9 4.1 ± 1.3 3.2 ± 0.9 3.8 ± 1.0 3.7 ± 1.0 4.0 ± 1.0 3.0 ± 0.9
HDL (mmol/L) 1.6 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.4 1.7 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.5 1.3 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.4
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.1 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.9 1.6 ± 1.6 1.2 ± 0.5 1.4 ± 0.7 1.8 ± 0.9 1.6 ± 0.9
Current smoker (%) 18.5% 21.1% 21.4% 14.4% 12.2% 15.3% 11.1% 11.4%
Physically inactive (%) 8.0% 11.3% 21.4% 19.3% 11.5% 20.4% 27.3% 20.4%
Using medication for CVD or HTN (%) 32% 51% 54% 69% 48% 59% 49% 82%
  1. NFG, normal fasting glucose; IFG, impaired fasting glucose; DM, diabetes mellitus; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HDL, high-density lipoprotein, LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; CVD, cardiovascular disease; HTN, hypertension.