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Table 1 Mean and standard deviation (sd) for baseline characteristics and variables included in the SEM.

From: A structural equation model for assessment of links between changes in serum triglycerides, -urate, and -glucose and changes in serum Calcium, -magnesium and -phosphate in Type 2 diabetes and non-diabetes metabolism

  Type 2 diabetes Non-diabetes Women vs women1 Men
vs
men2
Variables Women n = 212 Men
n = 200
p-value Women
n = 968
Men
N = 703
p-value p-value p-value
Age, yrs 51.3 (11.3) 53.5 (8.8) 0.0232 50.6 (9.9) 50.7 (9.1) 0.8117 0.4226 0.0001
BMI, kg/m2 32.3 (5.6) 30.3 (4.5) < .0001 31.0 (5.7) 30.5 (4.9) 0.0447 0.0046 0.5246
SBP, mmHg 146 (19) 148 (19) 0.3778 146 (19) 149 (19) 0.0023 0.8778 0.3456
S-Chol, mmol/l 6.6 (1.3) 6.6 (1.5) 0.9024 6.7 (1.4) 6.7 (1.4) 0.6422 0.2132 0.2311
S-TG, mmol/l 2.8 (2.4) 3.2 (2.5) 0.0639 2.1 (1.2) 2.7 (2.0) < .0001 < .0001 0.0079
S-Glu, mmol/l 10.7 (4.6) 10.8 (4.6) 0.8787 5.3 (1.1) 5.4 (1.3) 0.0029 < .0001 < .0001
S-Urate, mmol/l 298 (80) 322 (84) 0.0036 316 (72) 384 (72) < .0001 0.0028 < .0001
S-Ca, mmol/l 2.37 (0.11) 2.34 (0.12) 0.0285 2.35 (0.10) 2.34 (0.09) 0.0063 0.0323 0.6119
S-Mg, mmol/l 0.78 (0.13) 0.81 (0.12) 0.0017 0.83 (0.12) 0.83 (0.13) 0.4164 < .0001 0.0610
S-P, mmol/l 1.05 (0.21) 0.97 (0.18) < .0001 1.05 (0.21) 0.96 (0.20) < .0001 0.9502 0.6015
  1. Comparisons between type-2 diabetes and non-diabetes patients and for women with type 2 diabetes vs. women with non-diabetes and for men with type 2 diabetes vs. men with non-diabetes.
  2. 1/for comparisons between type 2 diabetes women and non-diabetes women
  3. 2/for comparisons between type 2 diabetes men and non-diabetes men