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Table 1 Study characteristics of included studies for comparison of prevalence numbers/means

From: Cardiometabolic risk variables in overweight and obese children: a worldwide comparison

Country AuthorRef N Patient characteristics Study nature Data BMI (kg/m2)/Z-BMI
The Netherlands Van Vliet et al.[34] 95 Dutch native, Turkish, Moroccan and Other subgroups, 3-18y Clinical Prevalence/mean 27.7 ± 5.9/2.8 ± 0.5
Italy1 Invitti et al.[27] 588 6-16y Clinical Prevalence/mean 33.9 ± 5.5
France Druet et al.[36] 308 7-17y Clinical Prevalence/mean 28 (24.4-32.3)
Spain Lopez-Capape et al.[37] 429 4-18y Caucasian and Hispanic Clinical Prevalence/mean 27.3 ± 3.5
Turkey1 Atabek et al.[38] 169 7-18y Clinical Prevalence/mean 27.2 ± 3.6
Turkey2 Sen et al.[20] 352 2-19y Clinical Prevalence/mean 29.1 ± 4.3
USA Dhuper et al.[18] 576 3-19y, mainly black cohort Population Prevalence/mean 33.2 ± 7.6
USA Davis et al.[39] 102 7-18y, rural Georgia, black and white mixed Population Prevalence/mean 27.6 ± 5.2
Dominican Republic Sherry et al.[40] 193 2-20y Clinical Prevalence/mean 31.3/2.6
Germany Reinehr et al.[19] 463 4-17y Clinical? Prevalence/mean 27.1 (24.5-29.9)/2.36
Central Europe (Germany/Switserland/Austria) Allemand et al.[14] 25473 1-20y Clinical Prevalence >29.4/2.32
Norway Kolsgaard et al.[33] 120 Norwegian, native subgroup, 6-17y Clinical? mean 28.1 (25.5-31.0)/2.1 ± 0.3
China Li et al.[41] 620 7-18 yrs Population mean >p85
Belgium Beauloye et al.[16] 104 8-18 yrs Clinical mean 30.2 ± 0.5/2.8 ± 0.7
Japan Islam et al.[17] 471 7-15y Annual health examination Mean 25.7 ± 2.4
    4.5-18.2y    25.7 ± 2.4
Poland, Greece, Italy2, France, Hungary Bokor et al.[42] 90 Polish Clinical mean 30.8 ± 4.9
   145 Greek    30.1 ± 4.9
   274 Italian    26.8 ± 3.6
   283 French    37.7 ± 5.9
   449 Hungarian    31.1 ± 4.8
  1. Data regarding BMI and Z-BMI are shown as mean ± SD or median (interquartile range)